The lifespan of a home is often dependent on the components within the home itself. Although the brick exterior may last centuries, items such as flooring, appliances and cabinets may have only a few years to their name.
Each item in a home comes with its very own life expectancy and replacement schedule.
Find out the lifespan of you property from data compiled by the National Association of Home Builders and the International Association of Certified Home Inspectors.
Exterior home features have varying lifespans. While garage door openers, outdoor
caulking and windows may only last a decade (at best), stone veneers ( the highest-ROI
home improvement you can make) can last centuries.
Roof: 20-50 years
Brick: 100+ years
Caulking: 2-10 years
Stucco: 50-100 years
Wood decking: 10-30 years
Doors: 20 years-lifetime, depending on the material
Poured foundation: Lifetime
Garage door openers: 10-15 years
Paints and stains: 15 years
Shutters: 15-20 years
Gutters: 20-100 years
Asphalt driveway: 15-20 years
Windows: 10-30 years
Of all the home components, appliances have the shortest lifespan. Trash compactors,
microwaves and dehumidifiers take home last place with a replacement needed after
9-10 years. First place goes to gas boilers, furnaces and ranges who respectively last
21, 20 and 15 years.
Trash compactors: 6 to 10 years
Dishwashers: 9 years
Washers: 10 years
Dryers: 13 years
Freezers: 11 years
Refrigerators: 9 to 13 years
Water heaters: 10 to 11 years
Furnaces: 15 to 20 years
Window air conditioners: 5 to 7 years
In most homes, electrical systems have the longest lifespans, though solar panels score
high too. Air ducts, air conditioners and security systems need to be replaced the
Security: 5 to 10 years
Air conditioner: 10 to 15 years
Smoke detectors: 10 years
Thermostats: 35 years
Air ducting: 10 years
Solar panels: 20 to 30 years
AFCI & GFCI circuit breakers: 30 years
Electrical service panel: 60 years
Propane generator: 30 years
Most plumbing features have a rather lengthy lifespan. When it comes to sinks, the life expectancy is dependent upon the fixture’s material; enamel steel sinks last 5-10 years while soapstone sinks last 100 years+.
Faucets: 10 to 20 years
Toilets: Lifetime Whirlpool tubs: 20 to 50 years
Sinks: 5 to 100 years
Showerheads: 100 years
Underground PVC piping: 25 years
Well pumps: 15 years
Cabinetry’s lifespan is dependent on its location in the house. Medicine-style cabinets, entertainment centers and home office cabinets usually last around 10 years. Cabinets in the laundry room, closets and the garage can last between 50 and 100 years.
Similarly, the material of your countertop affects its lifespan. Marble and concrete countertops usually last 50 years, while laminate counters live between 20 and 30 years. On the other hand, tile, wood and natural stone can withstand centuries of use.
Flooring lifespans also vary depending on the material. Cheaper options such as linoleum, vinyl and laminate will only last 25 years, while wood, bamboo, brick, marble, slate and tile can reach 100+ years.
The median age of homes in the U.S. is 37 years. If your home is older than that, it’s most likely time for a repair or upgrade here or there. Since 2005, the age of U.S. housing stock has raised 6 years.
The Northeast is home to the oldest housing stock in the country; Massachusetts and Rhode Island take home the highest median house age with 54 and 53 years. The newest housing is in Nevada (21 years), Georgia (25 years) and Arizona (25 years).
When buying a home, it’s important to know the age of the property. Before closing the deal, be sure to add a home inspection contingency into your offer. This will allow you to have your home professionally inspected before signing any contracts.
Create a Home Maintenance Schedule No matter the age of your home, it’s crucial to have a home maintenance schedule in place. Extend your air conditioner and heating’s lifespan by cleaning your gutters,
changing your air filters and annually checking your HVAC. Ensure your home’s exterior lasts decades by regularly trimming back trees, cleaning the gutters and pressure washing the deck.